CARACALLA Odessos in Thrace Rare Ancient Roman Coin Great God of Odessos i45426
Authentic Ancient Coin of:Caracalla -Roman Emperor: 198-217 A.D. -
Bronze 24mm (6.26 grams) Struck in the Roman provincial city of Odessos
in the province of Thrace -
AVT K M AVP CC OVHPOC ANTHIHO - Laureate head right.
OHCCEITN, Great God of Odessos standing left, sacrificing from patera over flaming altar
to left & holding corucopia. - Odessos, an ancient Greek (of the city of Miletus) trading colony (apoikia), was founded about 570 BC (in the time of Astyages) on the site of an older Thracian settlement on Cape Varna (in the modern city centre). The name Odessos, first mentioned by Strabo, was pre-Greek, perhaps of Carian origin. Long before the Thracians populated the area (by 1200 BC), prehistoric settlements best known for the eneolithic necropolis, eponymous site of the Varna culture and the alleged world's oldest gold treasure (5th millennium BC radiocarbon dating) existed within the modern city limits, notably along Lake Varna shores. For centuries, Odessos was a contact zone between the urban Ionians and the Thracians (Getae, Crobyzi, Terizi) of the hinterland. By the 4th century BC, it had become a mixed Greco-Thracian community (see also Darzalas).
In 339, the city was unsuccessfully besieged by Philip II but surrendered to Alexander the Great in 335, and was later ruled by his diadochus Lysimachus. The Roman city, Odessus (annexed in 15 AD and included in the province of Moesia, later Moesia Inferior), occupied 47 hectares in present-day central Varna and had prominent public baths, Thermae, erected in the late 2nd century, now the largest Roman remains in Bulgaria (the building was 100 m wide, 70 m long, and 20 m high) and fourth largest known Roman baths in Europe. The city was a Christian centre, as testified by the impressive ruins of earl
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